King Leopold II was the king of Belgium from 1865 to 1909. He is relatively unknown in the U.S., probably because the U.S. and Belgium never went to war against each other. But he is still some kind of criminal – and if not a war criminal, he is certainly guilty of enslavement. From 1885 to 1908, the people of the Congo were enslaved and forced to work at rubber plantations. Slaves were brutally punished if they did not make their quota. People died of murder, disease, exhaustion, and starvation. One form of punishment was to remove a slave’s right hand. It has been estimated that roughly 10 million people died during king Leopold’s colonizing reign of terror. After 1908, power over the Congo was taken from king Leopold II and granted to another area of the Belgian government due to international outrage. Unfortunately, slavery – in more subtle forms – still continued for decades.