In the UK, the conservative Tory party has plans to stop British laws from being overruled by human rights judgements from the European Union.
Justice Secretary Chris Grayling said if the Tories won the 2015 election, a new Bill of Rights would give UK courts and Parliament the “final say”. There should be no “legal blank cheque to take human rights into areas where they have never applied”, he added.
Former Attorney General Dominic Grieve said the plans were flawed. The Tory MP said they would be “difficult to implement” and risked “undermining” the UK’s – and his own party’s – tradition of upholding human rights.
Left-wing British parties such as Labour and the Lib Dems have said the proposals are politically motivated while the UK Independence Party claimed they were “worthless”.
In his speech to the Conservative conference on Wednesday, David Cameron said if his party formed the next government, it would replace the Human Rights Act with a British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities.
The Conservatives have pledged for a decade to scrap the 1998 Human Rights Act, introduced under the Labour government, which incorporates the European Convention on Human Rights into British law.