Some sources claim that a number of world leaders have begun referring to the Islamic State as “Daesh.”
“It is an act of war that was waged by a terrorist army, a jihadist army, by Daesh, against France,” French President François Hollande said shortly after the attacks.
Secretary of State John Kerry also used the term during a meeting in Vienna. “The United States, I want to emphasize, welcomes support in the fight against Daesh.”
During a speech at the G20 summit in Turkey, Barack Obama said, that Turkey has been a strong partner with the United States and other members of the coalition in going after the activities of Daesh.
ISIS stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham.
ISIL is the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Daesh, however, is an acronym that the Islamic State doesn’t like.
Daesh is an acronym for the Islamic State’s proper Arabic name, al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham. It was used by ISIS members for a period of time. The Boston Globe states that the word Daesh is now forbidden within the territory controlled by the Islamic State, and the group has threatened to cut out the tongues of people who use it.
Depending on what source you read, ISIS doesn’t like the acronym Daesh for different reasons.
According to freewordcentre.com, the main reason it is forbidden is simply because it is considered strange and disrespectful to use acronyms in that part of the world.
Yahoo and The Boston Globe write that part of the reason the Daesh doesn’t like the term is because in Arabic the word “Daesh” can be taken as a play on words to mean something along the lines of “a bigot who imposes his view on others” or “to trample down and crush.”
Yahoo writes that with propaganda being essential to the ISIS strategy of recruiting foreign fighters, the group has moved to expunge all the negative associations inherent in Daesh.
Yahoo: “Propaganda also plays into another reason why leaders are beginning to forswear terms like ISIS and Islamic State. By talking about the group using its own terms, those fighting it convey a de facto sense of legitimacy on the Islamic State’s aims. The Islamic State, of course, is not actually a state, but rather of collection of terrorists operating from seized territory in Mesopotamia.”
“Islamic State” in that territory has not been recognized by any government as representing any actual country. This may be a reason why world leaders are turing to the use of the word Daesh.