What Is The School-To-Prison Pipeline?


TYT Network.

What is the school-to-prison pipeline?

The “school-to-prison pipeline” is a disturbing national trend where children are funneled out of public schools and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems, according to the ACLU.

Many of these children have learning disabilities or histories of poverty, abuse, or neglect, and would benefit from additional educational and counseling services, but instead, they are isolated, punished, and pushed out into the criminal justice system.

“Zero-tolerance” policies at schools criminalize minor infractions. Cops in schools leads to students being criminalized for behavior that should be handled inside the school. Blacks and Latinos are especially vulnerable to these trends and the discriminatory application of discipline.

Keystone Pipeline ‘Earned My Veto,’ Says President

President Obama vetoed a bill Tuesday that would have approved the Keystone XL pipeline, which made good on a threat he declared to reject a proposal that is opposed by environmentalists for contributing to climate change, threatening waterways, and bullying landowners.

“The presidential power to veto legislation is one I take seriously,” President Obama said in a veto message to the Senate, according to USA Today.

“But I also take seriously my responsibility to the American people. And because this act of Congress conflicts with established executive branch procedures and cuts short thorough consideration of issues that could bear on our national interest — including our security, safety, and environment — it has earned my veto.”

It was only the third veto of his presidency, but it is likely to be the first in a series of more vetoes as he fights a Republican-controlled Congress in the last two years of his presidency.

Do The Koch Brothers’ Have A Keystone XL Connection?

In March, a Washington Post Web article and print article stated that Koch Industries was the largest leaseholder in Canada’s oil sands. That has since been questioned.  However, further reporting has indicated that Koch Industries is the largest American and foreign holder of leases in Canada’s oil sands based on net acreage, but it might narrowly trail two Canadian companies overall.

Below is a list of individual companies’ net acreage lease holdings in oil sands based on data from the Alberta provincial energy department, corporations’ annual information forms, information from a mapping firm called GeoScout, data from a Calgary-based exploration services firm called Divestco Geomatics and interviews with industry analysts and executives:

●Cenovus Energy (Canada) 1.57 million* (includes rights to an air weapons range)

●Athabasca Oil Corp. (Canada) 1.56 million**

●Koch (U.S.) 1.12 million to 1.47 million***

●Canadian Natural Resources (Canada) 1 million*

●Suncor (Canada) 986,000****

(Sources:)

*company filings with
Canadian securities regulators;
e-mails from company spokesmen

**company Web site:
atha.com/operations/
thermal-oil/

***GeoScout, Alberta
energy department, Divestco

****Divestco

According to the Washington Post, an oil industry official with direct knowledge of Koch’s lease holdings has said that Koch’s leases in the oil-sands region are “closer to 2 million.” (The official spoke on the condition of anonymity to protect his relationship with the firm.)

This is possible because big companies frequently use brokers or private affiliates to quietly purchase rights without triggering a scramble for nearby acreage. If that is the case, Koch Industries ranks as the largest leaseholder in Alberta.

Koch itself did not reply to questions from the Post about its acreage holdings.

Even without counting possible acreage acquired through brokers or private affiliates, it is clear that Koch Industries through its wholly owned subsidiaries ranks as the largest leaseholder among U.S. or non-Canadian firms and no lower than the third-largest overall.

Figuring out net acreage positions and rankings in the oil-sands region is complex, and a measure of uncertainty is unavoidable.

“It’s so opaque,” said Andrew Leach, a professor at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. “There are so many different layers here.”

The province of Alberta keeps track of designated representatives on oil-sands leases, but the list doesn’t indicate whether those representatives have partners who share the cost of purchase and development. It is a list of gross, not net, lease holdings.

Net ownership could be higher (if a company holds a lot of minority positions in partnerships) or lower (if a designated representative brings in other partners to reduce development costs and spread risks).

Moreover, Canadian government and industry officials note that any company can establish a subsidiary identified only with a number, such as 12345Alberta, and the authoritative industry official says that Koch’s holdings far exceed the acreage listed by name with the Alberta provincial government.

Other oil companies might be doing the same thing, which adds more uncertainty.

The link between Koch and Keystone XL is, however, indirect at best. According to industry sources and provincial government publications, Koch’s oil production in northern Alberta is “negligible.”

Also, Koch has not reserved any space in the Keystone XL pipeline, a process that usually takes place before a pipeline is built.

The pipeline also does not run anywhere near Koch’s refining facilities, and TransCanada, owner of the Keystone routes, says Koch is not expected to be one of the pipeline’s customers.

Still, an activist group that is publicizing the figures about Koch holdings in the oil sands – the International Forum on Globalization (IFG) – is arguing that Koch will benefit indirectly.

The IFG contends that the Keystone XL pipeline will create competition among rail and other pipelines and lower transportation costs for all oil sands producers, bolstering profit margins and making additional reserves economically viable.

Sources:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/03/20/the-biggest-land-owner-in-canadas-oil-sands-isnt-exxon-mobil-or-conoco-phillips-its-the-koch-brothers/

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/03/21/why-we-wrote-about-the-koch-industries-and-its-leases-in-canadas-oil-sands/

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2014/03/22/are-the-koch-brothers-the-biggest-lease-holder-in-canadas-oil-sands/

http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/does-koch-industries-hold-most-canadian-oil-sands-leases-its-complicated/2014/04/07/2470e5e4-be70-11e3-b574-f8748871856a_story.html

Sources Claim Keystone XL Pipeline Delayed

keystonexl1

It looks like a win for landowners and those concerned with the environment (and actually a win for everyone).  The State Department and White House decided to delay a decision on the Keystone XL pipeline.

The State Department said it needs more time to prepare its recommendation to the president because the pipeline route is mired in uncertainty.  A legal dispute is underway in Nebraska over the route and it is unlikely to be resolved before next year.

The project has caused problems for landowners due to Transcanada’s confrontational, bullying tactics.  They have been attempting to take the land under eminent domain even before the project has been approved by the government. They have tried to impose terms landowners don’t like.

Other issues include the fact that the pipeline would cross a huge, major underground water supply in Nebraska and that the production of this type of tar sands oil makes a large quantity of greenhouse gasses.

President Obama has said he would approve the project only if it could be proven not to worsen emissions of greenhouse gases that lead to global warming.

http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/politicsnow/la-pn-obama-administration-keystone-xl-pipeline-delay-20140418,0,6905254.story#axzz2zHgovBdH

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2014/04/18/obama-keystone-xl-pipeline-congress-canada/7874199/

http://news.nationalpost.com/2014/04/18/keystone-xl-pipeline-will-not-be-completed-this-year-sources-say/

Russia Uses Energy Supply as Leverage with Ukraine

map-russian-gas-via-ukraine1

That’s some nice gas goin’ through your pipelines…it would be a shame if something happened to it.

Gazprom, Russia’s gas-export monopoly, said on March 1 it may end last year’s agreement to supply Ukraine gas  at a cheaper rate unless it’s paid $1.55 billion owed for fuel.

Russia has previously used its supply of energy as “political leverage” against surrounding countries.   In fact, it did this very thing against Ukraine in the past, cutting off supplies twice since 2006 over payment disputes.

It’s the first time since the overthrow of pro-Moscow president Viktor Yanukovych that Russia has directly used its position as Ukraine’s dominant energy supplier to pressure the new regime.

According to one source, the Ukraine doubled its gas imports from Russia in the past year. They imported 45 million cubic meters of gas on March 1, 2014, compared with 20 million on March 1, 2013.

Over half of the Ukraine’s gas comes from Russia.  Gazprom exported almost 26 bcm of gas to Ukraine last year, which was more than half of the 50.4 bcm Ukraine consumed.

Also, the U.K.’s Daily Mirror states that one quarter of the European continent’s gas comes through Ukraine pipelines.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/03/us-ukraine-crisis-gas-idUSBREA220WQ20140303

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/ukraine-crisis-gas-prices-across-3202458

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-02/russia-gas-threat-shows-putin-using-pipelines-to-press-ukraine.html

It Doesn’t Get Much Weirder

Steve Lipsky

Steve Lipsky, who proved that his well water would catch fire due to gas leakage from fracking, is being sued for “defamation” by the company doing the fracking.  Natural gas has been building up in his well.  He has shown journalists that he can light his water on fire, and also that gas comes out of a vent from his well.   The fracking company decided this was “defamation.”

https://www.commondreams.org/headline/2013/11/07-1

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2013/11/08/2913651/steve-lipsky-range-resources/

http://ecowatch.com/2013/11/07/fracking-victim-sued-defamation-prove-water-flammable/